Christian Denominations of the World

 

The Christian church can be found all over the world from Europe to the United States. Although there are hundreds of different sects, each shares the core ideal that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. They are separated by differences in belief when it comes to Jesus’s nature, doctrine, titles and organizational styles. Here are three of the major Christian denominations in the world and their similarities and difference from each other.

Protestant

The Protestant Church includes such groups as The Way International, Lutheran, Baptist, Methodist and many more. It began in the 1500’s when multiple members of the Catholic church, such as Martin Luther and John Wycliffe, questioned its teachings. It began when Luther nailed the 95 Theses to the church door in Wittenberg. The Theses were a list of items where he found that the Catholic church’s doctrine and the Bible were different. These groups of people eventually split from the Catholics and formed their own churches with the belief that their doctrine is based on the scripture in the Bible alone. Although they are all considered part of the Protestant church, the teachings of their particular denomination are frequently different from the other groups. Due to this, they are considered as not being in fellowship with each other meaning they participate in separate sacraments.

Catholic

The Roman Catholic church traces its roots back to Saint Peter and the apostles that were with Jesus. Due to that distinction, the church body believes itself to be the true Church of Christ even though the Eastern Orthodox church makes a similar claim. It is not only influential in the world of religion but has also been known to affect the political landscape as well. The Catholic church is led by the Pope, who is located in Rome at the Vatican, a city by itself alone. There are over a billion members of the church throughout the world. Their teachings are based on the Nicene Creed, a document of belief written by the First Council of Nicea in 325. You can see the effect of the church on the culture and art in Western Europe and the United States.

Eastern Orthodox

The second largest church body in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church also believes its origins start shortly after the death of Jesus. Made up of smaller church bodies that are in fellowship with each other, most of its members live in Russia. They have multiple bishops leading the churches yet the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is believed to be the unofficial leader of them all. The influences of the Eastern Orthodox Church can be seen all over Eastern and Southern Europe. Like the Catholic church, the Eastern Orthodox teaching is based on the Niceness Creed. They broke fellowship with the Catholic church in 1054 when they disagreed on many things, especially the duties and power of the Pope. They split from the Catholics when the Crusaders tore Constantinople apart and plundered it causing hard feelings between the two church bodies until modern times.

 

Anne

I'm a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I'm on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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