Green Roofs and Commercial Buildings


Green Roofs and Commercial Buildings

Green roofs, which are also known as rooftop gardens, are becoming ever more common in this day and age. Green roofs are extensions of existing roofs on both residential and commercial buildings

Green roofs on commercial and residential structures provide an array of different types of benefits. In a growing number of municipalities, a requirement exists for the inclusion of green roofs on certain types of commercial buildings. If you are contemplating a green roof for your business, whether because of a requirement in your community or because it is your voluntary decision, there are some factors regarding rooftop gardens that you need to bear in mind.

Basic Components of Green Roof or Roof Garden

At the heart of a roof garden system is layers that form the foundation of a green roof. A key to the system is to ensure that it is fully waterproof and does not allow seepage into the building.

The typical rooftop garden has between six to seven layers. Beginning from the bottom and moving upward, a green roof “foundation” begins with a high quality waterproof membrane. On top of the membrane is a root repellant system followed by what sometimes is considered an optional layer of insulation.

Next, a green roof is layered with a drainage layer followed by a filter cloth for fine soils. The next lawyer is a lightweight growing medium or type of soil substrate. Finally, at the top, a green roof is completed with plants of different types.

In most cases, an additional step is taken to assist with drainage, fire control, and access to permit roof maintenance. This usually consists of a shallow layer of gravel, or pebbles, that is placed around the outside perimeter of the rooftop garden.

Essential Benefits of a Green Roof

As noted previously, there is an array of different types of benefits associated with a green roof. One of the key benefits associated with a green roof is a reduction in heat loss and in energy consumption during colder months of the year. In warmer months, a green roof can assist in reducing the cooling load on a commercial building.

A broader benefit of a green roof is that it can lower urban air temperatures. For this to be accomplished, there must be a concentration of green roofs in metropolitan area. This is one of the reasons why some municipalities are making green roofs a requirement for certain types of commercial structures.

A green roof also assists in reducing storm water runoff. It also provides increased sound insulation. The installation of a green roof improves a building’s LEED rating. A roof garden also increases the lifespan of a roof.

Types of Green Roofs

There are two primary types of green roofs in place in this day and age. These are intensive and extensive. The primary underlying differences between these two types of green roofs are accessibility and required maintenance.

Intensive green roofs are designed for human interaction. These types of green roofs have easy access and more elaborate landscapes. These roofs include things like small trees, shrubs, fountains, and walking paths for human enjoyment. As a result, these types of green roofs require more in their construction and maintenance.

Extensive green roofs are designed to be self-sustaining and require minimal maintenance. These types of roofs are not designed to human interaction. Extensive green roofs also feature different types of vegetation. These types of roofs feature vegetation like self-seeding sedums, certain types of grasses, mosses, and meadow flowers which require very little irrigation and maintenance of any type.

Scaffolding and Creating a Green Roof

In order to fully install a green roof, and tend to perimeter matters, scaffolding oftentimes is utilized. Scaffolding can be an invaluable piece of equipment in the creation of a green roof.

The key to making the best use of scaffolding in creating a green roof is to make sure all safety considerations are met. This includes properly assembling and placing the scaffolding in the first instance, making sure people are properly trained on use of a scaffold, and ensuring that materials used on a scaffold are secured appropriately.

Cost of a Green Roof

The cost associated with a green roof depends on a variety of factors, including whether an intensive or extensive derivation will be selected and the location of the building on which a rooftop garden will be created. With that noted, there are now professionals with experience in installing green roofs in many major municipalities. These pros can provide estimates on the cost of installing a green roof on a commercial structure.

Jessica Kane writes for Advance Online, a leading provider of web-based OSHA. DOT. and HAZWOPER training.


I’m a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I’m on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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A Pinball Machine Adds Pizazz to Your Home

A Pinball Machine Adds Pizazz to Your Home

If you are like many people you look for unique items that can add a touch of pizazz to your home. One item that you may not have focused on is a pinball machine. On the other hand, you may be a pinball machine enthusiast. In either case, the reality is that a pinball machine can add a unique touch to your residence.

When it comes to a pinball machine for your home, you actually have far more options available to you than you might realize. The pinball machine has been a piece of gaming art that has been around for generations.

Pre-modern Genesis of Pinball

Pinball can trace its origins to pre-modern times. The inspiration for pinball stems from certain games played outside on lawns. These include such as bocce and bowling games.

Croquet, golf and paille-maille eventually developed from bocce and bowling as far as outside games are concerned. On the other hand, bocce and bowling resulted in indoor games as well. These include billiards, shuffleboard, and eventually pinball.

Pinball in the Late 18th Century

During extended reign of France’s King Louis the XIV, from 1643–1715, the spring launcher was developed which made the type of pinball machine we see even today possible. Indeed, the design and operation of the pinball machines designed throughout the 18th century are really no different from those crafted in the 20th century. The only meaningful difference is the use of electricity to brighten and intensify the pinball play.

If you are a true connoisseur of historic pieces for your home, whether that be furniture or games, a pinball-like machine from the 18th century would be an amazing addition to your residence. Yes, these types of machines can still be found. You are likely to have to invest some money in brining this type of piece into your home, as is the case for home furnishings from this era as well. However, by making this type of investment, you will add an amazing piece to your home.

Pinball in the 1930s

Pinball garnered a burst of additional attention in the 1930s. Perhaps the Great Depression made these entertaining games desirably. Although pinball machines in this decade started to require a coin to operate, they nonetheless provided reasonably affordable entertainment for cash-strapped Americans and others the world over.

Pinball machines became popular in drugstores during the 30s, which attracted young people to the game. In addition, the 30s represented the time period that pinball machines gained a foothold in bars and taverns, something which has carried forward to this day.

A pinball machine from this era would also be an amazing addition to a residence. Machines from this era are more widely available than those from previous time periods. One of the reasons there is a decent number of machines build in the 1930s available today is because so many of them were manufactured during the Depression era.

There are two primary types of pinball machines available today from the 1930s. These include manual machines, those that lack electricity. However, there are also electrified versions of the machine, which appeared for the first time in 1933. This is also the year that active bumper paddles were introduced to the machine.

Pinball in the 1970s

Another peak in attention paid to pinball machined came in the 1970s. As a result, this is another epoch in the life of the game in which machines are available for use in your residence today.

The pinball machines of the 1970s included solid-state electronics and digital displays. This opened up a whole new look and feel to these games. Associated background music oftentimes was added to accompany the more traditional bells and whistles.

The 1970s represented that last time period in which there was a burst in enthusiasm for more traditional pinball machined. By the 1980s, video games began making inroads and offerings like the “real world” pinball machine ended up taking a backseat to these other offerings.

Where to Find Pinball Machines

You have a variety of resources from which you can find pinball machines. You might be able to do something as approach a long-standing tavern, even in your own neighborhood. A surprising number of these establishments have pinball machines tucked away in storage areas, unused and gathering dust.

Auctions, estate sales, and antique stores represent other venues from which pinball machines can be found. Of course, as is the case with nearly everything in this day and age, the internet is a resource for pinball machines of all types.

Jessica Kane is a writer for The Pinball Company, the best online source for new, used, and refurbished pinball machines, arcade cabinets, and more!


I’m a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I’m on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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The Legal Consequences of a Drunk Driving Accident

The Legal Consequences of a Drunk Driving Accident

Motorists generally are familiar with the criminal sanctions associated with being arrested for driving under the influence. The penalties imposed in most states for DUI are significant and can have lasting consequences.

What many individuals may not be as aware of are the serious civil consequences a person can face if he or she causes an accident while driving a car under the influence. By this it is meant that an individual that causes a DUI related accident can face significant consequences in a lawsuit.

Compensation in a DUI Accident Case

The compensation awarded in a DUI accident case depend upon the specific facts and circumstances surrounding the accident, coupled with the nature and extent of injuries sustained by the victim or victims of the accident. With that noted, the types of losses for which compensation can be awarded in a drunk driving accident case include:

  • medical bills and expenses
  • pain and suffering
  • emotional distress and mental anguish
  • permanent disability
  • lost income
  • property damage or loss

Keep in mind that when a person pursues a claim for injuries, damages, and losses associated with a drunk driving accident, that individual is entitled to compensation not only for existing losses or losses incurred to date. An individual injured in a drunk driving accident is also entitled to financial recovery for losses that are reasonably foreseeable in the future.

A person injured in a drunk driving accident is likely to require medical care and treatment into the future. He or she may endure chronic pain, a situation that may even extend for the remainder of the individual’s life. An injured person may not be able to return to work anytime soon. Indeed, he or she may end up in a situation that he or she can’t return to the line of employment enjoyed before the accident. All of these situations represent examples of losses for which a person injured in a drunk driving accident may seek compensation.

Punitive or exemplary damages may also become an issue in a drunk driving accident lawsuit. Punitive or exemplary damages represent additional compensation awarded in a drunk driving lawsuit if the conduct of the person that caused the accident is deemed to be particularly egregious or reckless. (That oftentimes is the case when intoxicated driving is the root cause of an automobile accident.)

Who is Responsible for a Drunk Driving Accident?

Obviously, an intoxicated driver who causes an accident is a responsible party. However, the last in many states in the United States is in a state of flux. For example, businesses like bars and restaurants historically were protected from being sued of a patron left an established intoxicated and caused a drunk driving accident. These statutes were collective known as dram shop laws.

In a growing number of jurisdictions, these protective laws are giving was to statutes and rulings in appellate court cases that are permitting an injured person the ability to not only sue a drunk driver but also a retail establishment that served the driver alcoholic beverages, in certain situations.

Establishing Responsibility if a DUI Accident Case

In order to hold a person or business responsible for losses caused by an intoxicated driver, beyond the driver itself, four elements must be satisfied. First, there must be a duty of care. In other words, the laws of a state must establish a duty or responsibility on the part of a retail liquor establishment to not serve alcohol to an intoxicated customer.

Second, there must be a breach of that duty. A breach occurs if an employee of a retail liquor establishment continued to serve an intoxicated person, knowing that individual to be drunk.

Third, the conduct of the establishment must be the proximate cause of the resulting accident and associated injuries. Overserving a patron alcohol must be the legal and actual cause of the accident and injuries. The bar or restaurant employee must have been able to reasonably foresee an automobile accident as a reasonably possible consequence of overserving alcohol to a patron.

Finally, the person pursuing a drunk driving car accident lawsuit must have sustained actual injuries, damages, or losses. These losses cannot be merely something completely speculative. A person who escaped such an accident without actual losses cannot make a claim based on a contention that something or another might arise as some future point in time.

Legal Assistance

When confronted with the prospect of being sued by a person injured in a drunk driving accident, legal assistance is advised. Legal rights are best protected through professional representation by an experienced attorney.

Jessica Kane writes for TIPS Alcohol Training, offering TIPS responsible alcohol service training online for both on and off premise needs.


I’m a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I’m on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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Benefits of Enrolling in a Career College

Benefits of Enrolling in a Career College

If you are nearing the end of your high school career, or if you are at a juncture in your life at which you want a job or career change, you may be wondering whether you should enhance your education. One option that you have available to you is to enroll in a career college. There are some significant benefits that you can realize by enrolling in a career college, when contrasted with some of your other options.

Fast Route to a New Career 

One of the benefits associated with enrolling and attending a career college is found in the fact that you typically can complete your course of study efficiently and in a relatively short period of time.

Depending on the course of study you select at a career college, you may be able to finish a certification program in a matter of months. If you seek out a career college that offers an associate’s degree program, you can typically complete that course of study within a couple of years. This permits you to be in the workforce in your new line of employment in a relative short period of time.

Hands-on Education and Training

A key component of many career college programs is hands-on experiences. This presents itself in a number of different ways at a career college. First, many instructors in career colleges have real world experience in the field in which they teach. In other words, these instructors bring hands-on experiences directly into the classroom.

In addition, many career colleges incorporate internships and externships into their courses of study. These opportunities give students a head start when it comes to seeking employment at the conclusion of a career college course of study.

Education in High Demand Careers

Career colleges tend to focus their training and educational opportunities in areas in which there exists high employment demand. These schools strive to match their training and educational offerings with what employers of different types are seeking in this day and age.

Schedule Flexibility

Another benefit of career colleges is found in schedule flexibility. For example, these schools offer classes not only during the day, but many at night to accommodate your current job requirements. In addition, an ever increasing number of career colleges offer an array of their courses on the internet.

Your Preferences Matter

Unlike four-year colleges and universities, career colleges allow you the ability to get right into the meat of your course of study. You do not need to spend a great deal of time and money trying a complete general education courses.

Quick Admission and Class Start

Career colleges typically have rolling enrollment and class start dates. In other words, you do not need to meet certain application deadlines to gain admission. In addition, to rolling enrollment, classes start with greater frequency than is the case with four-year institutions that have class starts timed with semesters or specific terms.

Career Support Services

A benefit of career colleges is that their staff has a sharp focus on students finding employment upon graduation. Career colleges tend to have well structured career services programs that assist students in finding suitable employment upon graduations. These resources can prove to be truly invaluable to students.

Financial Aid

In most instances, students attending career colleges are able to access helpful financial aid. This comes in a number of different forms, including federal financial aid. Career colleges have proactive admissions staff, that included well-trained personnel that assist prospective and existing students in obtaining the financial assistance necessary to pursue a certificate or degree.

Career College Accreditation

When considering a career college, you need to make certain that a particular school appropriately is accredited. You can obtain this type of information from the school itself. As part of your pre-enrollment due diligence you can verify that accreditation with the accrediting authority. There are specific organizations that offer bona fide accreditation to institutions of higher education like career colleges.

Reputation of Career College

When consider enrolling in a career college, you will want to ensure that it is reputable. You likely have friends, family, and colleagues who have attended one career college or another. Even in this digital age, word of mouth remains a powerful way to obtain useful information about the reputation of a career college. You can also consider collecting references from former students of particular career colleges to obtain feedback on their feelings about the offerings and courses of education of these schools. A career college should have no problem providing you with references.

Jessica Kane is a professional blogger who writes for Abby Iron Doors. Abby Iron Doors specialize in designing and manufacturing wrought iron entry doors, wine cellar doors, windows and balconies for residential and commercial customers.


I’m a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I’m on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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11 Key Reasons Why Your Business Should Participate in Tradeshows

11 Key Reasons Why Your Business Should Participate in Tradeshows

In the 21st century, businesses of all types are relying heavily on the internet and digital media to promote their goods and services. Some businesses have concluded that tradeshows have become a thing of the past. Concluding that tradeshows are no longer useful or relevant can be a mistake.

The fact is that tradeshows can prove to a valuable resource for many types of businesses, perhaps even your own. There are seven key reasons why your business should give serious consideration to participating in tradeshows.

Close Sales, Make Contracts Faster

One of the primary benefits of participating in tradeshows is that they provide you an opportunity to close sales and to make contracts faster than otherwise can be the case. The Center for Exhibition Industry Research reports that events like tradeshows accelerate the sales process faster than is the case with any other type of media or direct marketing endeavor.

Decision Makers Attend Tradeshows

Decision makers attend tradeshows. These individuals appear to have a propensity to like to have face to face discussions about products or services for their business enterprises. Tradeshows provide a ready opportunity for a business owner or manager to have direct conversations with multiple exhibitors in a short span of time.

The Cost Per Lead at a Trade Show is Less

Another reason why your business should consider exhibiting at tradeshows is because of the fact that the cost per lead at such an event is less than is otherwise the case. Research demonstrates that the it costs about $215 to generate a lead at a tradeshow. The cost for generating a lead from the field is approximately $443.

Preferred Method of Face to Face Interaction

Research studies have analyzed how businesses, organizations, and professionals like to interact with vendors. These studies reveal that these entities and individuals oftentimes prefer to interact face to face in a tradeshow setting. 48 percent of these entities and individuals list tradeshows in the top position when it comes to their preferred manner of having face to face interaction with vendors.

Tradeshow Attendance is Increasing

During the Great Recession of 2008, attendance at tradeshows started to decrease. That trend reversed course in recent years. Attendance at tradeshows has started to rebound, and quite significantly so, in recent years.

Tradeshows Contribute to the Economy

Tradeshows contribute significantly to the economy, and can boost the financial bottom line of a business like your own. Tradeshows add about $44.8 billion annually to the U.S economy.

Companies that Exhibit at Tradeshows Have Positive Experiences

Companies that do participate in tradeshows report positive experiences in the vast majority of cases. These enterprises note that tradeshows have been financially beneficial. They also note that tradeshows provide them with other benefits as well, including developing connections with other businesses, connections that prove beneficial in a number of different ways.

Experts Draw Crowds

Another primary reason why you should consider involving your business in tradeshows is based on the reality that “experts” draw attention. By that is meant you very well may be recognized on some level as something of an expert in your industry. With that noted, your mere presence at a tradeshow will draw attendees to your booth. The reputation of your business draws attendees to you and when attendees are drawn to your booth, your reputation boosts further.

Tradeshows Advance Branding

Developing and enhancing the brand of your business is crucial. Tradeshows provide an excellent opportunity through which you can develop and enhance the brand of your business. This can prove to be the case particularly when you have launched a new venture and are in the process of presenting your brand initially. As an aside, you can also test your brand by monitoring how people respond to it.

Tradeshows Level the Marketing Field

Tradeshows allows you to level the marketing field. At a tradeshow, you have the opportunity to present your products or services in the same space with larger enterprises. You are placed on the same level as the competition, including large companies with which you would not otherwise have the opportunity to be presented on equal footing.

Understanding the Competition

On a related note, attending a tradeshow permits you the opportunity to scope out the competition. A tradeshow gives you the chance to see up close what the competition is doing. Understanding what the competition is up to is a vital part of advancing the interests of your business. Rather than conduct expensive research on the subject, you can garner a great deal of vital information strolling through the exhibition hall.

Jessica Kane is a writer for 777Sign, a leading provider of wholesale advertising flags, banners, tablecloths, and more.


I’m a mother of 2 who likes to get involved in too much! Besides writing here I started a non-profit, I’m on the PTO board, very active in my community and volunteer in the school. I enjoy music, reading, cooking, traveling and spending time with my family. We just adopted our 3rd cat and love them all!

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